What does a Surgeon do?

Surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses in a patient. They operate on patients to treat injuries, including a broken bone, diseases including cancer, tumors, and deformities including cleft palates. Surgeons take a patient’s medical history and update their charts and information to show current findings and relevant treatments. They order tests for nurses and other healthcare staff to perform on the patient and review test results to identify any abnormal findings.

Surgeons recommend and design a plan of treatment for the patient and stand by to address concerns or answer patients’ questions about health and well-being, and they help the patient care for their health by discussing topics including proper nutrition and hygiene. Surgeons use various instruments to correct physical deformities, repair bones or tissues after an injury, or to perform preventive or elective surgeries for a patient. Some perform general surgery, while others specialize in a specific area, including orthopedic surgery, or cardiovascular surgery. Surgeons need a bachelor's degree in premedical studies with a concentration in biology, chemistry, physics, and math. They need four years of medical school followed by the appropriate residency requirements. A surgeon must be licensed to the specified requirements by their state, and they must have completed training in their specialty. Surgeons must also pass a standardized national licensure exam.

EducationGraduate Degree
Work/Life Balance
3.7 ★
Salary Range--
Career Opportunity
3.9 ★
Avg. Experience8+ years

Surgeon Salaries

Average Base Pay

£58,957 /yr
Same as national average
Not including cash compensation
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Median: £59K
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Glassdoor Estimated Salary

Surgeon Career Path

Learn how to become a Surgeon, what skills and education you need to succeed, and what level of pay to expect at each step on your career path.

Surgeon I
Surgeon Director
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Surgeon Insights

Read what Surgeon professionals have to say about their job experiences and view top companies for this career.
Saudi German Hospitals GroupSaudi German Hospitals Group
Consultant Vascular Surgeon
25 Apr 2021

“team work and employment satisfaction”

South Peninsula HospitalSouth Peninsula Hospital
27 May 2021

“None it is good to work”

South Peninsula HospitalSouth Peninsula Hospital
27 May 2021

“Good for working here ok”

Stockport NHS Foundation TrustStockport NHS Foundation Trust
20 Oct 2021

“Good team within our service”

Simpson Gumpertz & Heger Inc.Simpson Gumpertz & Heger Inc.
Plastic Surgeon
10 Nov 2021

“best place on Earth I love it”

Alexandria University Hospital
Resident Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
6 Jan 2022

“You get a good learning experience”

Government of Kerala, IndiaGovernment of Kerala, India
Assistant Surgeon
31 Jan 2021

“Job security is good”

18 Sep 2019

“Low quality of manufacturing trainings.”

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Surgeon Interviews

Related Careers

Primary Care Physician
13% skills overlap
Family Medicine Physician
25% skills overlap
25% skills overlap
Internal Medicine Physician
38% skills overlap

Surgeon jobs

Frequently asked questions about the role and responsibilities of a surgeon

When working as a surgeon, the most common skills you will need to perform your job and for career success are Graduate Medical Education, Strong VERBAL, Written Communication, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Interpersonal and Communication.

The most similar professions to surgeon are:
  • Primary Care Physician
  • Family Medicine Physician
  • Physician
  • Internal Medicine Physician

The most common qualifications to become a surgeon is a minimum of a Graduate Degree and an average of 0 - 1 of experience not including years spent in education and/or training.